Newsletter 6:  Schools II:  Admissions (K-12 ,  Colleges,  Universities, and Graduate Schools )  (October 18, 2002)


For K-12 1) (Kindergarten, grade schools, middle schools, and high schools) in the public school system, a student's home address determines which school they attend.  There are no other requirements, provided the student has completed the previous grade.

High school students who want to go to college 2) and university often take a standard test such as the SAT 3), PSAT 3) / NMSQT 3), or ACT 4).

In order to get into top-notch universities, a high school student needs not only excellent grades 5) and excellent SAT 3) scores, but also some involvement outside the classroom.  Admission screeners look for involvement in school activities, church activities, and community volunteering, etc.

College and university students who want to study at graduate schools take a standard test,  the GRE 6)  which includes both General exam and the GRE exam in their subject area (Chemistry, for instance).  Here is some information on other schools, for those who wish to be a lawyer 7) or a medical doctor 8), or an MBA 9).  For more school info, Study Guides are available in libraries, online 10), or large book stores 11).

1)  For K-12, see our Newsletter 5 Footnote 2 <  >

2)  For colleges, see our Newsletter 5 Footnote 3 <  >

3)  SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) / PSAT (Preliminary SAT / National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test) info:     

4)  ACT (American College Testing) info:  

5)  Grades:   A, B, C, D, F.  These are often broken down into pluses and minuses:  A+, A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D+, D, D-, F.   In high school, F=failure.  In college, anything lower than a C- is failure.

6)  GRE (Graduate Record Examination) info:  

7) To be a lawyer, one needs a BS (Bachelor of Science) or BA (Bachelor of Arts), and has to go to law school for three years.  After law school, one must pass a certified test, called a bar exam, to practice law.  For more info,  see  < >
Note that there are quite a few lawyers in the US .

8) To be a medical doctor, one who has a BS (Bachelor of Science) or BA (Bachelor of Arts) has to go to medical school.   For more info,  see  < >

9) GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) is often required to be graduate students for MBA (Master of Business Administration).  
GMAT and MBA info:  and  

10) For example,  and

11) For example,  and   

Contents keywords: K-12 (Kindergarten, grade schools, middle schools, and high schools) in the public school system,  6(grade schools)-2(middle schools)-4(high schools) (instead of 6-3-3), colleges, SAT, grades, involvement outside the classroom, GRE, lawyer, medical doctor, MBA

5283 140307  The Story Behind the SAT Overhaul  (NY Times, Todd Balf, 03/06/2014)
How Much Does the SAT or ACT Matter in Your Life?  (NY Times, Michael Gonchar, 03/07/2014)
5270 140305  Pencils Down: College Board Reveals Big Changes to SATs  (NBC News, Daniel Arkin, 03/05/2014)
For more info on SAT, see Letter  6  |  8
SAT Reasoning Test - Wikipedia -
first called the "Scholastic Aptitude Test", then the "Scholastic Assessment Test".
SAT - College Board - The Most Widely Used College Admission Exam

Newsletter 6 (Japanese)  

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