Civil Rights Activists  /  Human Rights  Famous Civil Rights Activists
What's the difference between human rights and civil rights? - Quora

16185  200201  Woolworth Lunch Counter - YouTube
60th Anniversary of the Greensboro Sit-in  Google Doodle, Feb. 1, 2020
Greensboro Sit-In - Facts, Date & Definition - HISTORY 
Greensboro, North Carolina
Civil Rights

11643 160903  Museum Opens September 24th | National Museum of African American History and Culture
National Museum of African American History and Culture - Wikipedia
Washington D.C.  | 
Civil Rights Activists

12267 170203  Fifteenth Amendment - Black History -
15th Amendment to the Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)
15th Amendment  February 3, 1870
Voting Rights Act of 1965

12409 170307-0308  Remembering Selma’s “Bloody Sunday” - History in the Headlines
Bloody Sunday - Selma, Alabama - YouTube  March 7, 1965  

Civil Rights

born August 24, 1759    William Wilberforce
William Wilberforce | British politician |
BBC - History - William Wilberforce
William Wilberforce - Wikipedia 
August 24, 1759 - July 29, 1833, an English politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. ...
The Story of William Wilberforce - MP and slave abolitionist - YouTube

Amazing Grace (2006) - IMDb
Amazing Grace movie trailer - YouTube
Amazing Grace Full Movie (Biography, Drama) - YouTube
William Wilberforce & the End of the African Slave Trade - Christian History Made Easy - YouTube

born May 9, 1800    John Brown  John Brown
John Brown's Raid in American Memory - YouTube

John Brown - YouTube
John Brown (abolitionist) - Wikipedia 
May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859, an American abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States...
Civil Rights

born October 2, 1800      Nat Turner  Nat Turner
Nat Turner - Wikipedia 
October 2, 1800 – November 11, 1831, an African-American slave who led a slave rebellion of slaves and free blacks in Southampton County, Virginia on August 21, 1831 ...
Nat Turner - YouTube
Possession Award-Winning Nat Turner Short Film - YouTube
born December 10, 1805    William Lloyd Garrison
William Lloyd Garrison  PBS
William Lloyd Garrison - YouTube
Who is William Lloyd Garrison? - YouTube
William Lloyd Garrison - Wikipedia 
December 10, 1805 – May 24, 1879, a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, suffragist, and social reformer. He is best known as the editor of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, which he founded with Isaac Knapp in 1831 and published in Massachusetts until slavery was abolished by Constitutional amendment after the American Civil War. He was one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society. He promoted "immediate emancipation" of slaves in the United States. In the 1870s, Garrison became a prominent voice for the woman suffrage movement. ...
PBS American Experience & The Abolitionists Part 1 1820s 1838 - YouTube
Abolitionists  | 

John Quincy Adams and abolitionism - Wikipedia
Presidents: John Quincy Adams (6th)

born February 12, 1809     Abraham Lincoln
Happy birthday, Abe! 8 facts, mostly tragic, about Abraham Lincoln - Houston Chronicle

Battle Of Gettysburg | Civil War Documentary - YouTube
Lincoln's Birthday - Wikipedia
Abraham Lincoln  16th President, White House 
Abraham Lincoln Biography  Civil Rights Activist, Lawyer, U.S. Representative, U.S. President
Abraham Lincoln - Wikipedia  February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865, 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War—its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. In doing so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy....
150 years ago, Abraham Lincoln sliced up one of his most famous speeches - The Washington Post

Abraham Lincoln - U.S. Presidents -
Abraham Lincoln Gettysburg speech (Jeff Daniels) - YouTube
Abraham Lincoln - Bing Images
Lincoln Memorial - Bing Images

Abraham Lincoln Quotes - BrainyQuote
President  |  Civil War 

born June 14, 1811    Harriet Beecher Stowe   
Uncle Tom's Cabin (Part 1 of 9) - YouTube
Biography:  Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe - YouTube
Harriet Beecher Stowe - Facts & Summary -

Who is Harriet Beecher Stowe? - YouTube
Harriet Beecher Stowe - Wikipedia 
June 14, 1811 – July 1, 1896, an American abolitionist and author. She came from a famous religious family and is best known for her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852).
Abolitionists  |  Presidents: Abraham Lincoln
 |  Civil War

10879 160217    c. February 1818    Happy birthday Frederick Douglass!  Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass - From Slave to Abolitionist - YouTube
Frederick Douglass - Wikipedia  c. February 1818 – February 20, 1895, an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman. After escaping from slavery in Maryland, he became a national leader of the abolitionist movement from Massachusetts and New York, gaining note for his dazzling oratoryand incisive antislavery writings. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders' arguments that slaves lacked the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens...   
Aboard the Underground Railroad-- Boston African American NHS
Circle of Hope
Civil Rights Activists

born February 15, 1820    Susan B. Anthony
  Susan B. Anthony 
February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906
Mini BIO - Susan B. Anthony - YouTube

Great Speeches: Susan B. Anthony on Women's Right to Vote - YouTube
Susan B. Anthony - Wikipedia  February 20, 1820 – March 13, 1906, an American social reformer and feminist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. ...

In 1851, she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who became her lifelong friend and co-worker in social reform activities, primarily in the field of women's rights. ...
Women’s Suffrage  |  Women's Rights  |  Civil Rights
Massachusetts  |  New York  |  Pennsylvania

c. 1822    Harriet Tubman
4929 140201  Marylander Harriet Tubman honored with Google Doodle  (Baltimore Sun, Carrie Wells, 02/01/2014)
The Underground Railroad is just part of the story: 9 facts about black history in the Tri-State  (WCPO, Roxanna Swift, 02/01/2014)
Harriet Tubman Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story -
Harriet Tubman - Wikipedia 
c. 1822 – March 10, 1913, an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and, during the American Civil War, a Union spy. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made some thirteen missions to rescue approximately seventy enslaved families and friends, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad....
Black History Month - Wikipedia
Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad Video - America The Story of Us -
The Underground Railroad - National Geographic Education
Underground Railroad - Wikipedia

born July 1838    Bass Reeves
Django Unchained (2012) - IMDb
Django Unchained - Official Trailer - YouTube
Django # killin Brittle Brothers ! - YouTube
Django gets free and kills Tarantino like a boss scene - Django - YouTube
DJANGO UNCHAINED [2012] Scene The right Ngger-Calvin snaps. - YouTube
Django Unchained - Wikipedia

Civil Rights  |  Slaves  
born July 1838    Bass Reeves
The real-life Django: black Wild West marshal Bass Reeves who arrested 3,000 outlaws and killed 14 men | Daily Mail Online  Jan. 19, 2013
Bass Reeves - Wikipedia  July 1838 – January 12, 1910, the first black deputy U.S. marshal west of the Mississippi River.
Arkansas  |  Oklahoma
Bass Reeves photo from Wild West Frontier Fest

Quentin Tarantino - IMDb  March 27, 1963   Tennessee

13284 170918  Fugitive Slave Act & Uncle Tom's Cabin - YouTube
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 - Wikipedia  September 18, 1850

Civil Rights

11116 160407    April 5, 1856    Happy birthday Booker T. Washington!  Booker T. Washington: Educator, Civil Rights Activist
History and Mission | Tuskegee University  Alabama
Booker T. Washington - Wikipedia
  April 5, 1856 – November 14, 1915, an American educator, author, orator, and advisor to presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community.
  Washington was from the last generation of black American leaders born into slavery and became the leading voice of the former slaves and their descendants. They were newly oppressed in the South by
disenfranchisement and the Jim Crow discriminatory laws enacted in the post-Reconstruction Southern states in the late 19th and early 20th centuries....
Civil Rights Activists  |  Virginia   

Assault of Battery Wagner and death of Robert Gould Shaw - HISTORY  July 18, 1863
54thmass13 - YouTube  Massachusetts
54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment - Wikipedia
Fort Wagner - Wikipedia  South Carolina
Second Battle of Fort Wagner - Wikipedia
Robert Gould Shaw - Wikipedia  October 10, 1837 – July 18, 1863, an American soldier in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Born into a prominent abolitionist family, he accepted command of the first all-black regiment (54th Massachusetts) in the Northeast and encouraged the men to refuse their pay until it was equal to the white troops' wage. At the Second Battle of Fort Wagner, a beachhead near Charleston, South Carolina, Shaw was killed while leading his men to the parapet of the Confederate held fort. Although they were overwhelmed and driven back, Shaw's leadership passed into legend with a unit that inspired tens of thousands more African-Americans to enlist for the Union and contribute to its ultimate victory.
Glory (1989) - IMDb
Glory (1-8) Movie CLIP - The Battle of Antietam (1989) HD - YouTube  1/8 > 8/8
Civil War  |  Civil Rights  |  Massachusetts  |  South Carolina
Presidents    Abraham Lincoln    #16 

10933 160229     February 23, 1868    Happy birthday W. E. B. Du Bois!  W. E. B. Du Bois
W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikipedia 
February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963, an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, and editor....
Civil Rights Activists 

born October 2, 1869    Mahatma Gandhi  Mahatma Gandhi
Mini Bio: Gandhi - YouTube
Mahatma Gandhi First Television Interview (30 April 1931) - YouTube
Mahatma Gandhi-Documentary - YouTube
Mahatma Gandhi - Wikipedia
  Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948, the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable")—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for "father", "papa") in India. In common parlance in India he is often called Gandhiji. He is unofficially called the Father of the Nation. ...
Mahatma Gandhi - YouTube
Gandhi? A racist? Revisionist protest spares no one, as this California dispute shows. - The Washington Post  10/03/2016

12267 170203  Fifteenth Amendment - Black History -
15th Amendment to the Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)
15th Amendment  February 3, 1870
Voting Rights Act of 1965

12754 170518  Supreme Court rules in Plessy v. Ferguson - May 18, 1896 -
Presidents:    Grover Cleveland    #24
Civil Rights   
12749 170517     May 17, 1954
Brown v. Board of Education - Wikipedia -
The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
Brown v. Board of Education in PBS' The Supreme Court - YouTube
Brown v. Board of Education - YouTube|
Presidents:        Dwight D. Eisenhower     #34  
Civil Rights   

born June 3, 1906    Josephine Baker
JOSEPHINE BAKER 1926 Banana Skirt - YouTube
Josephine Baker, Zouzou, Dances With Her Shadow - YouTube
Josephine Baker - Wikipedia  Josephine Baker (born Freda Josephine McDonald; 3 June 1906 – 12 April 1975, an American-born entertainer, whose career was centered primarily in Europe, mostly in her adopted country, France.
Josephine Baker - Activist, Civil Rights Activist, Dancer, Singer -
St. Louis, Missouri  |  France

Civil Rights

11061 160326    March 24, 1912    Happy birthday Dorothy Height!
This Day in History March 24 - Coin World  a video
8827 150324  March 24, 1912  Happy birthday Dorothy Height!
Happy Birthday Dr. Dorothy Irene Height! District of Columbia Public Library
5440 140324  March 24, 1912  DOROTHY IRENE HEIGHT ‘Godmother of the civil-rights movement’ was a portrait in powerful change. Google Doodle salutes her accordingly. - “stop worrying about whose name gets in the paper ... "  video (Washington Post, Michael Cavna, 03/24/2014)
Dorothy Height Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - 
Dorothy Height - Wikipedia  March 24, 1912 – April 20, 2010, an American administrator and educator, was a civil rights and women's rights activist specifically focused on the issues of African-American women, including unemployment, illiteracy, and voter awareness. She was the president of the National Council of Negro Women for forty years and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994 and the congressional Congressional Gold Medal in 2004. ... 
Women's Rights  |  Civil Rights

10821 160204   
February 4, 1913    Happy birthday Rosa Parks!  Rosa Parks - Civil Rights Activist, videos
From The Rosa Parks Story: "Arrested" - YouTube
Roasa Parks Part 1 - YouTube
Rosa Parks Part 2 - YouTube
Rosa Parks - Wikipedia  February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005, an African American civil rights activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
Rosa Parks Day - Wikipedia 
Rosa Parks  | 
Martin Luther King, Jr .

Silent Parade of 1917 - YouTube  July 28, 1917
Silent Parade - Wikipedia

Silent Parade: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know  heavy.
Presidents:    Woodrow Wilson    #28
Civil Rights

Nelson Mandela   July 18, 1918 – December 5, 2013, South African

11114 160406    April 4, 1928    Happy birthday Maya Angelou!  Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou Reciting her Poem "On the Pulse of Morning" - YouTube  at Clinton's 1993 inauguration  Beyond Words: National Poetry Month & Maya Angelou
I know why the caged birds sing of Maya Angelou - YouTube
Maya Angelou - I know why the Caged Bird Sings - YouTube
Caged Bird by Maya Angelou - The Poetry Foundation
Maya Angelou - Wikipedia 
April 4, 1928 – May 28, 2014, an American poet, memoirist, and civil rights activist. ...
I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings - Wikipedia
Civil Rights  |  Poets    

born May 19, 1925    Malcolm X  Malcolm X
Malcolm X Make It Plain (Full PBS Documentary) - YouTube
Malcolm X and the Black Lives Matter Movement  Huffington Post, 02/23/2016
Malcolm X assassinated - Feb 21, 1965 -
Malcolm X - Wikipedia 
May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965, born Malcolm Little and also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, an American Muslim minister and human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history...
Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Debate - YouTube

born July 2, 1925   
Medgar Evers
June 12, 1963    Medgar Evers assassinated
Medgar Evers assassinated - Jun 12, 1963 -
Medgar Evers - Mini Bio - YouTube
Medgar Evers - Wikipedia  July 2, 1925 – June 12, 1963, an American
civil rights activist from Mississippi who worked to overturn segregation at the University of Mississippi and to enact social justice and voting rights. He was murdered by a white supremacist and Klansman.
Civil Rights  |  Mississippi

born February 12, 1934    Bill Russell
Bill Russell’s career highlighted by a lifetime of fighting for civil rights 2019 ESPYS - YouTube
Bill Russell - Wikipedia 
born February 12, 1934, an American retired professional basketball player who played center for the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1956 to 1969. A five-time NBA Most Valuable Player and a twelve-time All-Star, he was the centerpiece of the Celtics dynasty that won eleven NBA championships during his thirteen-year career.
Louisiana  |  California  |  Civil Rights
ESPYS 2019 Winners: The Complete List E! News
US Women's National Team Wins Best Team 2019 ESPYS - YouTube

ESPY Award - Wikipedia
Sports  2019

14179 180409  Marian Anderson Sings at Lincoln Memorial - YouTube  April 9, 1939
Denied A Stage, She Sang For A Nation - NPR
Marian Anderson Biography - YouTube
1 - Marian Anderson sings the National Anthem - YouTube
Marian Anderson - Wikipedia 
February 27, 1897 – April 8, 1993, an African-American contralto and one of the most celebrated singers of the twentieth century.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Presidents:    Eleanor Roosevelt    <---     Franklin D. Roosevelt    #32  
Civil Rights

born February 9, 1944    Alice Walker
Alice Walker - Author, Civil Rights Activist, Women's Rights Activist -
Alice Walker Documentary - YouTube
Alice Walker - Wikipedia 
born February 9, 1944, an American novelist, short story writer, poet, and activist. She wrote the critically acclaimed novel The Color Purple (1982) for which she won the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
The Color Purple (1985) - IMDb
The Color Purple (1-6) Movie CLIP - Sisters Separated (1985) HD - YouTube
Georgia | Civil Rights  |  Women's Rights  |

May 3, 1948  Shelley v. Kraemer - Wikipedia
Shelley v. Kraemer - YouTube

Civil Rights

12749 170517     May 17, 1954
Brown v. Board of Education - Wikipedia -
The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
Brown v. Board of Education in PBS' The Supreme Court - YouTube
Brown v. Board of Education - YouTube|
Presidents:        Dwight D. Eisenhower     #34  
Civil Rights
12754 170518  Supreme Court rules in Plessy v. Ferguson - May 18, 1896 -
Presidents:    Grover Cleveland    #24
Civil Rights   

13194 170828  The death of Emmett Till - Aug 28, 1955 -  >  Jim Crow segregation in the South and African American civil rights movement
Civil Rights  

13319 170925  Little Rock Nine History Project Documentary - YouTube
BBC ON THIS DAY | 25 | 1957: Troops end Little Rock school crisis 
September 25, 1957, Little Rock, Arkansas

Civil Rights 
Presidents:    Dwight D. Eisenhower    #34 

May 4, 1961    Freedom Riders
Freedom Riders Freedom Rides
Meet the Freedom Riders Who Survived a Deadly Attack from the KKK The Oprah Winfrey Show OWN - YouTube
Freedom Riders - Wikipedia 
May 4 – December 10, 1961
Civil Rights

Meredith graduates from Ole Miss - Aug 18, 1963 -
James Meredith - Wikipedia
The Legacy of James Meredith - YouTube
September 29, 1962 - Ross Barnett, Governor of Mississippi, giving his I Love Mississippi speech. - YouTube
Presidents:    John F. Kennedy    #35
Civil Rights  |  Mississippi

Martin Luther King, Jr.    January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968

16th Street Baptist Church Bombing Survivors Look Back | Time  Sept. 14, 2018
Four black schoolgirls killed in Birmingham - HISTORY  Sept. 15, 1963
Victims of 1963 church bombing remembered - YouTube
1963 Birmingham Church Bombing Fast Facts - CNN  Sept. 7, 2018
Presidents    John F. Kennedy    #35
Civil Rights  |  Birmingham, Alabama

13272 170915  Klan Bombing of Birmingham Church 1963 - YouTube  September 15, 1963
16th Street Baptist Church bombing - Wikipedia

Civil Rights  |  Alabama
Presidents    John F. Kennedy    #35
3431 130916  World remembers four girls on bombing anniversary  (USA Today)
16th Street Baptist Church bombing - Wikipedia:
The 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was bombed on Sunday, September 15, 1963 as an act of racially motivated terrorism. ...

14423 180621  Civil rights workers disappear - Jun 21, 1964 -
Mississippi Burning (1988) - IMDb
Civil Rights  |  Mississippi

12928 170702  LBJ signs Civil Rights Act of 1964 - YouTube  July 2, 1964
The 1960s in America Crash Course US History #40 - YouTube
Presidents:    Lyndon B. Johnson    #36
Civil Rights  

Malcolm X assassinated - Feb 21, 1965 -
Malcolm X is Assassinated - February 21, 1965 - YouTube
Witnessed: The Assassination of Malcolm X (2015) - YouTube
Malcolm X - Wikipedia  an American Muslim minister and human rights activist. Some saw him as a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; others accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.
Malcolm Little, May 19, 1925 - February 21, 1965

Civil Rights

14078 180315  Johnson calls for equal voting rights - Mar 15, 1965 -
President Lyndon Johnson - Speech on Voting Rights - YouTube

Civil Rights
Presidents    Lyndon B. Johnson    #36  

13089 170806  Johnson signs Voting Rights Act - Aug 06, 1965 -
Presidents:    Lyndon B. Johnson    #36
Civil Rights

13113 170811  Watts Riot begins - Aug 11, 1965 -
1965-Watts Riots - YouTube
Los Angels, California
Civil Rights

Presidents:    Lyndon B. Johnson    #36 

Dec. 4, 1969, Chicago, Illinois  Police kill two members of the Black Panther Party - HISTORY 
The Story Of The FBI's Plot To Destroy The Black Panthers - YouTube
Black Panthers White Lies | Curtis Austin | TEDxOhioStateUniversity - YouTube
Black Panthers - History, Definition & Timeline - HISTORY
Civil Rights

Human Rights,
Black Lives Matter, 

14817 181017  Olympic protestors stripped of their medals - Oct 17, 1968 -
Those Raised Fists Still Resonate, 50 Years Later - Code Switch - NPR  10/16/2018
The Story Behind The White Guy In This Historic Photo - YouTube
Peter Norman - Wikipedia 
15 June 1942 – 3 October 2006, an Australian track athlete. He won the silver medal in the 200 metres at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, with a time of 20.06 seconds which remains the Oceanian 200 metres record.
1968 Olympics Black Power salute - Wikipedia
Tommie Smith-John Carlos 2008 Arthur Ashe Courage Award Pt1 - YouTube
Tommie Smith-John Carlos 2008 Arthur Ashe Courage Award Pt2 - YouTube
Tommie Smith - Wikipedia
John Carlos - Wikipedia
Human Rights / Civil Rights

11486 160714  After Dallas, The Future of Black Lives Matter - The New Yorker
Essence Debates: Is the Black Lives Matter Movement the Civil Rights Movement of our Generations?
Black Lives Matter - Wikipedia
Civil Rights

modified:  2020
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